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  Appendix A - Abbreviations
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ABEDA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
ACC Arab Cooperation Council
ACCT Agency for the French-Speaking Community
ACP Group African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States
AfDB African Development Bank
AFESD Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
Air Pollution Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes
Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants
Air Pollution-Sulphur 85 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30%
Air Pollution-Sulphur 94 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions
Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their Transboundary Fluxes
AL Arab League
AMF Arab Monetary Fund
AMU Arab Maghreb Union
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
Antarctic Seals Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals
ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Arabsat Arab Satellite Communications Organization
ARF ASEAN Regional Forum
AsDB Asian Development Bank
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Autodin Automatic Digital Network
bbl/day barrels per day
BCIE Central American Bank for Economic Integration
BDEAC Central African States Development Bank
Benelux Benelux Economic Union
Biodiversity Convention on Biological Diversity
BIS Bank for International Settlements
BSEC Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone
C Commonwealth
CACM Central American Common Market
CAEU Council of Arab Economic Unity
CAN Andean Community of Nations
Caricom Caribbean Community and Common Market
CB citizen’s band mobile radio communications
CBSS Council of the Baltic Sea States
CCC Customs Cooperation Council
CDB Caribbean Development Bank
CE Council of Europe
CEI Central European Initiative
CEMA Council for Mutual Economic Assistance; also known as CMEA or Comecon
CEMAC Monetary and Economic Community of Central Africa
CEPGL Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
c.i.f. cost, insurance, and freight
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CITES see Endangered Species
Climate Change United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
Comsat Communications Satellite Corporation
CP Colombo Plan
CY calendar year
DC developed country
Desertification United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa
DSN Defense Switched Network
DWT deadweight ton
EADB East African Development Bank
EAPC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Community
ECA Economic Commission for Africa
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
ECO Economic Cooperation Organization
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States
ECS European Coal and Steel Community
EEC European Economic Community
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EIB European Investment Bank
EMU Economic and Monetary Union
Endangered Species Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES)
Entente Council of the Entente
Environmental Modification Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques
ESA European Space Agency
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia
est. estimate
EU European Union
Euratom European Atomic Energy Community
Eutelsat European Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Ex-Im Export-Import Bank of the United States
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FAX facsimile
f.o.b. free on board
FLS Front Line States
FRG Federal Republic of  Germany (West Germany); used for information dated before 3 October 1990 or CY91
FSU former Soviet Union
FY fiscal year
F.Y.R.O.M. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
FZ Franc Zone
G-2 Group of 2
G-3 Group of 3
G-5 Group of 5
G-6 Group of 6
G-7 Group of 7
G-8 Group of 8
G-9 Group of 9
G-10 Group of 10
G-11 Group of 11
G-15 Group of 15
G-24 Group of 24
G-77 Group of 77
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; now WTrO
GCC Gulf Cooperation Council
GDP gross domestic product
GDR German Democratic Republic (East Germany); used for information dated before 3 October 1990 or CY91
GNP gross national product
GRT gross register ton
GUUAM acronym for member states – Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Moldova
GWP gross world product
Habitat United Nations Center for Human Settlements
Hazardous Wastes Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
HF high-frequency
IADB Inter-American Development Bank
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IBEC International Bank for Economic Cooperation
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICCt International Criminal Court
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
ICJ International Court of Justice (World Court)
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
ICSID International Center for Secretariat of Investment Disputes
ICTR International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
IDA International Development Association
IDB Islamic Development Bank
IEA International Energy Agency
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC International Finance Corporation
IFCTU International Federation of Christian Trade Unions
IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
IIB International Investment Bank
ILO International Labor Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
Inmarsat International Mobile Satellite Organization
InOC Indian Ocean Commission
INSTRAW International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women
Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Interpol International Criminal Police Organization
Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications
IOC International Olympic Committee
IOM International Organization for Migration
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ITU International Telecommunication Union
kHz kilohertz
km kilometer
kW kilowatt
kWh kilowatt-hour
LAES Latin American Economic System
LAIA Latin American Integration Association
Law of the Sea United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)
LDC less developed country
LLDC least developed country
London Convention see Marine Dumping
LOS see Law of the Sea
m meter
Marecs Maritime European Communications Satellite
Marine Dumping Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
Marine Life Conservation Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas
MARPOL see Ship Pollution
Medarabtel Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International Telecommunications Union
Mercosur Southern Cone Common Market
MHz megahertz
MIGA Multilateral Investment Geographic Agency
MINURSO United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MIPOHUH United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti
MONUC United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
NA not available
NAM Nonaligned Movement
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NC Nordic Council
NEA Nuclear Energy Agency
NEGL negligible
NIB Nordic Investment Bank
NIC newly industrializing country
NIE newly industrializing economy
NIS new independent states
NM nautical mile
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
NZ New Zealand
OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAS Organization of American States
OAU Organization of African Unity
ODA official development assistance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference
OOF other official flows
OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Ozone Layer Protection Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration
PDRY People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South Yemen]; used for information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91
PFP Partnership for Peace
Ramsar see Wetlands
RG Rio Group
SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACU Southern African Customs Union
SADC Southern African Development Community
SCO Shanghai Cooperative Organization
SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
SHF super-high-frequency
Ship Pollution Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)
Sparteca South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement
SPC South Pacific Commission
SPF South Pacific Forum
sq km square kilometer
sq mi square mile
TAT Trans-Atlantic Telephone
Tropical Timber 83 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983
Tropical Timber 94 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994
UAE United Arab Emirates
UDEAC Central African Customs and Economic Union
UHF ultra-high-frequency
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nations
UNAMA United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
UNAMSIL United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Program
UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environment Program
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNFICYP United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNHCRHR United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
UNICRI United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
UNIDIR United Nations Disarmament Research
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research
UNMEE United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea
UNMIBH United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
UNMISET United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNMOP United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka
UNMOT United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan
UNMOVIC United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission
UNOMIG United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia
UNOMSIL United Nations Mission of Observers in Sierra Leone
UNOPS United Nations Office of Project Services
UNPREDEP United Nations Preventive Deployment Force
UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
UNSC United Nations Security Council
UNSSC United Nations System Staff College
UNTAET United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
UNU United Nations University
UPU Universal Postal Union
US United States
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for information dated before 25 December 1991
USSR/EE Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Eastern Europe
VHF very-high-frequency
VSAT very small aperture terminal
WADB West African Development Bank
WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union
WCL World Confederation of Labor
Wetlands Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat
WEU Western European Union
WFC World Food Council
WFP World Food Program
WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
Whaling International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WP Warsaw Pact
WTO see WToO for World Tourism Organization or WTrO for World Trade Organization
WToO World Tourism Organization
WTrO World Trade Organization
YAR Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen]; used for information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91
ZC Zangger Committee

This page was last updated on 1 August, 2003

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