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CIA Seal  World Factbook Seal Bouvet Island Flag of Bouvet Island
Map of Bouvet Island
Introduction Bouvet Island
This uninhabited volcanic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers and is difficult to approach. It was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom the island was named. No claim was made until 1825 when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters were designated a nature reserve. Since 1977, Norway has run an automated meteorological station on the island.
Geography Bouvet Island
Southern Africa, island in the South Atlantic Ocean, south-southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)
Geographic coordinates:
54 26 S, 3 24 E
Map references:
Antarctic Region
total: 58.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 58.5 sq km
Area - comparative:
about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
0 km
29.6 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 4 NM
volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Olav Peak 935 m
Natural resources:
Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (93% ice) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Environment - current issues:
Geography - note:
covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve
People Bouvet Island
uninhabited (July 2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Government Bouvet Island
Country name:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Bouvet Island
Dependency status:
territory of Norway; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice and Police from Oslo
Legal system:
the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
the flag of Norway is used
Economy Bouvet Island
Economy - overview:
no economic activity; declared a nature reserve
Communications Bouvet Island
Internet country code:
Communications - note:
automatic meteorological station
Transportation Bouvet Island
Ports and harbors:
none; offshore anchorage only
Military Bouvet Island
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of Norway
Transnational Issues Bouvet Island
Disputes - international:

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002